It was one of those pleasant September afternoons when you can feel the heat of summer giving way as the seasons change.
At Turner Field in Atlanta, 500 people from more than 90 countries showed up for a solemn yet joyful ceremony: they took an oath and pledged allegiance to the United States as they officially became citizens of the country that is now their home.
Eddie Perez, the Atlanta Braves bullpen coach who became a naturalized citizen last year, led them in that pledge. President Barack Obama told the crowd in a video presentation: “You can help write the next great chapter of American history. No dream is impossible."
The newly minted American citizens were given free tickets to the Braves game played that night and many of them stayed around to celebrate their hard-won status.
That evening, at a town hall in New Hampshire hosted by presidential candidate Donald Trump, there was a much different feeling in the air.
When Trump started taking questions from the audience, he was asked: “We have a problem in this country. It’s called Muslims. You know our current president is one. You know he’s not even an American. Anyway, we have training camps growing where they want to kill us. That’s my question: When can we get rid of them?”
“We’re going to be looking at a lot of different things,” Trump replied. “You know, a lot of people are saying that, and a lot of people are saying that bad things are happening. We’re going to be looking at that and many other things.”
Those widely varying reactions to people from other cultures are one of the major differences between the two parties whose candidates will be competing for the presidency next year.
Trump currently is leading in polls of Republican voters and he got there partly by hurling fiery denunciations at undocumented immigrants in his campaign speeches, calling them “rapists” and “drug dealers.” For Trump and his supporters, the preferred path for immigrants goes straight back to their country of origin – he vows he’ll deport all 11 million of them.
Most of his GOP opponents, who are struggling to catch up with Trump, are also taking extreme stands against undocumented immigrants. One of the exceptions has been Jeb Bush, whose wife is a naturalized citizen from Mexico. It’s no coincidence that Bush has also been sinking like a rock in GOP polls.
Shortly after the 2012 election, officials of the Republican National Committee released a report outlining where they thought the party needed to go in order to win future national elections.
They contended the GOP should try to appeal to a wider range of voters, especially Latinos. “It does not matter what we say about education, jobs or the economy; if Hispanics think we do not want them here, they will close their ears to our advice,” the report said.
There has been a pushback against that report from many Republican activists, who contend that the party can ignore diversity and win elections if they just do a better job of energizing and turning out white voters. That’s the attitude embodied by Trump and most of the other GOP contenders.
Whoever ends up as the Democratic nominee – Hillary Clinton, Bernie Sanders, or Joe Biden -- will take the opposing position on this issue and propose a path to citizenship for those who entered the country illegally. Democrats want to maximize the voter turnout of blacks, Latinos, Asians, and other minorities.
At last week’s naturalization ceremony at Turner Field, representatives of immigrant communities were circulating among the crowd of new citizens and reminding them they were now eligible to register and vote.
You can bet those outreach activities are happening at naturalization ceremonies in other states as well. Regardless of how you feel about immigration -- either documented or undocumented – it’s clear that people will keep coming to America and taking the oath of citizenship.
Immigration is going to be a major topic of discussion next year, both nationally and in states like Georgia where there are large immigrant populations.
The 2016 presidential election could be the ultimate field test of the differing theories on how far a party should go in reaching out to diverse voters.
Tom Crawford is editor of The Georgia Report, an internet news service at gareport.com that reports on state government and politics. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.