Sherman Dewayne Trawick, 42, was charged with terroristic threats and acts and disrupting a public school.
Conyers Middle School was cleared for several hours Friday morning as deputies searched school grounds and student bags and determined the threat was not credible.
"While that was going on, investigators were able to determine where the call came from and determine it was from an outside source," said RCSO spokesperson Sgt. Jodi Shupe.
"Investigators retrieved a subpoena from AT&T phone records and questioned sources close to the suspect, who led them to information that assisted them in making the arrest."
Investigators also determined the suspect was in a relationship with a school employee and that the two had been arguing recently.
When deputies found and arrested Trawick today, he was reportedly seeking an evaluation and treatment at DeKalb Medical Center.
He was booked in the Rockdale County jail and remains there currently without bond.